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Tables and Figures

Tables, figures, and other visual supplements play a crucial role in a scientific paper. They help present large amounts of complex data in an organized, visually appealing manner. There are some common mistakes authors make when creating tables and figures for their research paper. Here, we show you how you can create effective tables and figures when preparing a scientific manuscript, so that your research has maximum impact.
research data
One of the most difficult aspects of research manuscript preparation is deciding whether your findings should be presented through tables, figures, or text. The tips listed below will help you make a more informed decision: 
Tables and figures are essential components of a research paper. Even before you begin preparing tables and figures for your research manuscript, it is essential for you to understand if and when to use them. Here are some tips to help you better.
Data should be presented in the most effective way possible in tables and figures
Case: One of our clients had sent us his manuscript to edit. During the edit, our editor made a suggestion that the significance of the findings could be clearer if the data was presented in the form of a graph instead of a table. 
I plan to cite a figure from a paper published in another journal. In addition to the acknowledgement of the source, do I need to ask for the journal's permission?
  • Anonymous
  • Jul 9, 2014
In this 2-minute video, Bruce Dancik explains how much of the data included in tables and figures should be presented in the form of text, and how much should be left for the reader to extrapolate. He also emphasizes on the inclusion of data in the form of supplementary information to be submitted along with the manuscript as part of the submission package. This video is a part of an interview series in which Donald Samulack, President, US Operations, Editage, Cactus Communications, speaks to...
Graphs are often referred to as pictures of numbers. Graphs capture the meaning behind a set of numbers and convey that meaning at a glance. As a researcher, you are no doubt familiar with bar charts
Referring to tables and figures in text
Now that we have dealt with the use of footnotes in tables in a general way [refer to the earlier post 
Footnotes in tables (part 1): choice of footnote markers and their sequence
Footnotes often indicate scholarly texts. Although less commonly used in the text now than in the past, footnotes to tables are as common today as they were before, and this post is about how to use them.  
Effective use of tables and figures in a scientific manuscript
Use tables and figures effectively to present detailed results and complex relationships, reduce the length of the manuscript, and enhance readers’ understanding of the study results.
A poster presentation is the perfect opportunity for you to highlight the importance of your research for people attending the conference. Posters are like billboards advertising a movie—they present in a nutshell the essence of a much larger venture. A poster presentation makes use of