After big data, the phenomenon that has caused a stir in the scientific world is that of artificial intelligence (AI). In lay terms, AI usually refers to machines or devices that simulate human intelligence, and its advent and rapid development are revolutionizing the way research is being conducted. Particle physics is one of the first scientific fields that successfully used AI. “It took us several years to convince people that this is not just some magic, hocus-pocus, black box stuff,” says Boaz Klima, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory in Batavia, Illinois, talking about her experience with using AI. Now, however, several fields such as astronomy and social sciences have embraced AI.