Q: What is a Transformative Journal (TJ)? Can I submit my paper to that journal?

Detailed Question -

While I was searching for some journals to publish my paper, I came across one journal which clearly mentioned "This is a Transformative Journal". What do I have to do if the author has an idea of submitting to such journals?

1 Answer to this question

Transformative journals (TJs) are journals that were previously only subscription-based but now offer an option for publishing open access (OA), with the aim to eventually becoming fully OA. For such journals, the author is given the option to choose “OA” or “subscription” at the time of submission.

You may also come across instances where “transformative” and “hybrid” have been used interchangeably. However, there’s a slight difference between the two--- a TJ seeks to eventually go fully OA, whereas a hybrid journal offers both subscription and OA options for publishing and may not later become fully OA, choosing instead to remain a hybrid. For more information about these differences, you may refer to this infographic.


On a separate note, we are not entirely sure what you mean by “What do I have to do if the author has an idea of submitting to such journals?” We are guessing what you’re trying to ask is how to determine if a TJ is the right journal for your publication. If that is what you intend, then I suggest that you first decide if an OA publication is what you are aiming for. The following resources may help you take an informed decision.

We hope this answers your query. Thank you!