Q: Could I use an acronym without its full form in the table caption?
For example, this is the caption of table: The different blood parameters in the patients with AIDS. or The different blood parameters in the patients with acquired deficiency acquired syndrome (AIDS) Is it necessary to write the full form of acronym in the table in the caption or foot note as it is said that do not use abbreviation (is it also applied for acronym?)
Abbreviations and acronyms should generally be avoided in table titles or captions. However, if it is necessary to use an acronym or abbreviation in a table title, you can do so, but make sure you explain the abbreviation/acronym in a footnote. In case of common acronyms, such as the one you have mentioned, it should be acceptable to use it in the table title or caption. However, just to be on the safe side, add a footnote mentioning the full form.