Get expert advice to help you get published!

You are here

Frequently asked questions about peer review

Shazia Khanam | Oct 17, 2013 | 44,504 views
peer review

Been looking for answers to your questions on peer review? Here are some!

  • What are the open and blinded peer review processes?

A blinded peer review is one where either the author’s or the reviewers’, or both, identities are not disclosed.  In a single-blind review, authors do not know who reviewed their paper, while reviewers are aware of the authors’ identity. A double-blind review is one in which both authors and reviewers are blinded: The authors are not aware of the identity of the reviewers and vice versa.

In an open peer review, neither reviewers nor authors are blinded. If a particular manuscript is rejected, the author knows who reviewed the paper and the reasons for the paper not meeting the expected standards. If the paper is published, all versions of the manuscript, reviewers' comments, and the authors’ responses to the comments are published along with the final manuscript. 

  • What advantages does one of these types of peer review offer over the other?

Though anonymity in a blinded peer review is meant to reduce bias, it may sometimes allow reviewers to give inaccurate or irresponsible feedback to authors, knowing that their (the reviewers’) names will not be disclosed. Mark Henderson criticizes the blinded review process in his article in the British Medical Journal, “Some papers do not get the scrutiny they need, while others are unfairly rejected.”

The open peer review system brings transparency to the process; however, authors and reviewers may be reluctant to go through such a review because the comments by the reviewers, the responses by the author, and the original versions of the manuscript are publicly accessible. As a result, authors and reviewers may fear criticism.

  • What are the major reasons for a delay in the review process? What can authors do to prevent this delay?

As per a recently published study, the two most common reasons for a delayed review process are as follows:

1) Difficulty in finding suitable reviewers for the manuscript

2) Submission of badly formatted and poorly written manuscripts that do not adhere to the journal’s technical and ethical guidelines

In order to avoid delays in the review process, authors could suggest preferred reviewer names at the time of submission. A preferred reviewer should be someone with sufficient subject matter expertise to provide a good and reliable review of the study. Authors should also ensure that their manuscript adheres to all the journal guidelines and get their manuscript edited and proofread by a language expert, if required prior to submission. Another question many authors have regarding the journal review process is What is the meaning of "decision in process status"? 

 

Authors should keep in mind the list of dos and don'ts when responding to peer reviewer comments in order to ensure smooth publication process.

 

Republish

Like this article? Republish it!
Knowledge should be open to all. We encourage our viewers to republish articles, online or in print. Our Creative Commons license allows you to do so for free. We only ask you to follow a few simple guidelines:
  • Attribution: Remember to attribute our authors. They spend a lot of time and effort in creating this content for you.
  • Editage Insights: Include an attribution to Editage Insights as the original source.
  • Consider a teaser: Yes, that’s what we call it…a teaser. You could include a few lines of this post and say “Read the whole article on Editage Insights”. Don’t forget to add the link to the article.
  • Re-using images: Re-publishing some of the images from our articles may need prior permission from or credit to the original image source.
  • Quick and easy embed code: The simplest way to share this article on your webpage would be to embed the code below.

 

Please copy the above code and embed it onto your website to republish.
Join a community of 179000+ researchers
Editage Insights offers a wealth of free resources on academic research and publishing. Sign up and get complete access to a vibrant global community of researchers. Gain expertise & share your own with authors and others involved in scholarly publishing.
By clicking 'Join Now', you agree to our Terms & Privacy Policy.
Having trouble registering/logging in? Contact us
Q & A

Have your own question?

Related Categories