Q: How will I know if my research is novel?
I am working on image processing. How will I know if my work is novel? How can I validate my results?
The best way to identify the novelty of your work is to carry out an exhaustive literature search and identify what is already published. You can review published articles in your field to understand how novel your work is. Sometimes, there will be a lot of similar research; however, the main question or hypothesis may be different, or perhaps the methodology used to answer the same question is different.
Validating your results will also depend on what is already published. For example, you may need to validate a new methodology with existing techniques to ensure accuracy of the new methodology. Further, your discussion section should include comparisons of your findings with other similar published results. These comparisons will help establish and validate your findings.