Could you guide me on what I should focus on when writing the background of my research paper?
The background is part of the Introduction section of a research paper and should include essential information for setting up your study goals and hypothesis. This would include explaining the existing literature in your research area and also identifying gaps in this existing knowledge. This will help you place your research study in the context of previous studies and highlight its novelty and significance. You should also explain the problem that your study addresses and give a brief account of the history of the problem mentioning whether it has been addressed in any form before. This will lead up to the research question and the aims of your study.
You will find these posts helpful while writing your background: