Q: How are research questions and the hypothesis dependent on the research problem and study objectives?

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Research questions and hypothesis are dependent on the objectives of the study and the research problem identified – Can someone elaborate this statement with examples, please?

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Answer:

A research problem is a broad issue that you would like to address through your research. It identifies a difficulty, doubt, or an area of concern, in theory or in practice, that requires thought and investigation. Research objectives are clear statements of what you aim to achieve through your research. They are specific actions that you will take and act as milestones that will help you complete your research.

A research question is the specific concern that you will answer through your research. It is derived from your research problem but is based on your study design. When you narrow down your research problem to a specific idea that points towards a feasible way to investigate or address your research problem, you get your research question. Thus, to frame your research questions, you will also need to have a clear idea of what you aim to achieve through the study.  Therefore, research questions are based on the research problem and the research objectives.

Now let us see what research hypothesis means. A research hypothesis is a predictive statement about the possible outcomes of a study. To predict outcomes, you must have a clear idea of the problem that you are studying (research problem) and what you hope to achieve through the study (research objectives). Therefore, the research hypothesis is also dependent on the research problem and the objectives. 

You can take a look at some research papers in your field to understand the idea better.

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