Q: What are the parts of a scientific investigatory project (SIP)?

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What are the parts of a scientific investigatory project(SIP)? If possible, please explain each part.

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A scientific investigatory project (SIP) is a scientific research project typically undertaken in school as a class or term project or in a science fair or exhibition. It is meant to get school-children interested and inquisitive about science. While it is meant to be “light” and fun compared with a research project at a higher level (such as at a university or an institute), its structure and procedure are similar to that for a serious research study.

 

I have outlined the broad steps below for conducting and communicating an SIP:

  • Come up with a research question: You come up with a scientific problem to solve. The problem should be relevant and novel. Also, you should typically do a literature search in the broad area to know more about the topic.
  • Frame the hypothesis: You narrow down the research question to a predicted outcome, which you need to test.
  • Design and conduct the study: You identify the requirements (methods, materials, and subjects as needed) and then conduct the experiment.
  • Analyze and discuss the results: You inspect and interpret the results, even if they are negative (that is, do not corroborate your hypothesis).
  • Form a conclusion based on the results: You discuss new learnings from the study and suggest possible directions for future experiments.
  • Write a paper based on the experiment: You write a paper synthesizing the various aspects of your study described above.
  • If needed, prepare a presentation and visual aid: This is not entirely applicable at a higher level, but is necessary for an SIP. You can have fun doing this, perhaps even making a 3D model.

Here are a few relevant resources from the site to get you started. For more information, you may look up other resources and sections on the site. All the best! 

 

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