Q: How do I write the aims and objectives of a research?
The aim of the research is the overall purpose of conducting the research. It could be to add to the knowledge in the area, to address an existing gap in the knowledge, to devise and test a solution to an existing problem, and so on. Objectives are the specific outcomes you expect to achieve through your research and that will enable you to meet the aim of your research. While there is one aim of the research, there can be multiple objectives. Also, and most importantly, the objectives should be attainable, that is, you should be able to advance the understanding of the field no matter what your results are.
To arrive at the objectives, you need to go through existing literature in the area by doing a literature search. The literature search will typically reveal gaps that you can choose to study in your research.
For more information on writing the research aim and objective and doing a literature search, you may refer to the following resources: