Q: How do I write about gaps in research?
Before writing about gaps in research, you first need to identify them. Identifying research gaps is often the starting point of research. You identify potential research gaps by going through existing literature in the area you are studying. From the various gaps you identify, you decide to explore one in greater detail in your research.
You write about existing gaps in the study background that you provide in the Introduction section, that is, at the beginning of your paper. You can talk about how you came across the gaps, why you found them relevant, and why you decided to study the particular one of your research. Doing this will provide the context for the main paper, leading to the ‘why’ or reason for conducting your research.