Q: In the Jiboye article, what prompted the researcher to conduct a post-hoc study?
I am using the Jiboye article.
Firstly, it wasn’t clear what you meant by ‘Jiboye article.’ However, after searching on the net, we understand you are probably referring to this paper authored by Adesoji David Jiboye, a professor at Obafemi Awolowo University and a visiting professor at University of Ibadan, both in Nigeria. Jiboye’s areas of studies, based on his Google Scholar page, seem to be architecture, sustainable housing, and urban development.
Also, you have mentioned that you are using or planning on using this article. By this, perhaps you mean that you are either referencing this article in your paper or are writing a literature review paper in which this is one of the articles you are reviewing. In either case, as you are using this article as a basis for your study, it would be best for you to form your own analysis of the paper. However, to help you along, we can throw light on the purpose of a post-hoc study in general.
A post-hoc study, quite simply, is a study done in hindsight. When some studies do not end up yielding the findings they were intended to yield, researchers then look at the data obtained in the study to determine if it indicates some other paths of analysis. Based on the data, they then form objectives and study only the data. Such a study is called a post-hoc study as it is done ‘after the time’ of the initial study. In other words, it wasn’t planned as a part of the initial study. Statistically, the initial study is called the primary outcome measure and the post-hoc study is called the secondary outcome measure.
So, in the case of Jiboye’s article, he may have conducted an initial study on a different research objective. However, on finding that the data obtained in the initial study did not answer the research question but pointed to some other results, he may have studied only the data and formulated a new research question. You may need to read the history of the paper, if available, to understand what led to the new or modified study.
You may also find the following queries helpful in the understanding of post-hoc studies: