Q: What is the background of a study?

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Can you please explain what the background of the study is in a research paper? I'm writing a research paper on the topic "The opinion of the selected senior high school students towards bullying."

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1 Answer to this question

The background of a study is the first part of the Introduction section and it sets the context of the study. The background must be written such that it engages the attention of the readers. It must explain why your research topic is important. It shoould explain what research has been done so far on the topic and highlight the gaps that need to be addressed. It must further state how your research will address some of those gaps. 

The background section must answer the following questions:

  • What is known about the broad topic?
  • What are the gaps or missing links that need to be addressed?
  • What is the significance of addressing those gaps?
  • What are the rationale and hypothesis of your study?

These resources will help you write an effective background of your study: