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Publication Buzzwords

From the earliest days of the printing press to speedily disseminating scientific knowledge online through open access journals, academic publishing has come a long way. What are the most important topics of discussion in scholarly publishing today? Stay tuned to this section to know more about the buzzwords in the scholarly publishing industry: journal impact factor, scientific paper retraction, research impact metrics, and more.
Outcome switching in clinical trials
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Many researchers indulge in what is known as ‘outcome switching,’ which means the trial report does not include outcomes that are part of the pre-registration, or includes new outcomes without any underlying explanation. Switching of outcomes can have an impact on healthcare and scientific advancement. Why are journal editors and trial sponsors unable to put a stop to this phenomenon? Could accurate reporting in clinical trials help in countering the reproducibility crisis that science is...
Big data has become a buzzword not only due to its quantity but also its uses. The availability of large volumes of data has brought a change in the very nature of science.
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What does the term "big data" mean? Why is it being considered as an additional paradigm to science? In the recent years, the availability of large volumes of data has changed the nature of science significantly. Is science benefitting from this data flood and in what ways? Read the article to get familiar with the term "big data" and its applications in science. 
Measures of journal prestige
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All researchers have heard about the impact factor. Read to learn what you may not know about the impact factor. Other measures of journal quality are now available as well.
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Have you often wondered how your research activities and achievements can be distinguished from those of other researchers with similar names? If your name appears as “Zhang W” on your research publications, how can you prevent another “Zhang W” from taking credit for your citations or patents?
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I am sad because I recently got an email from the editor of a journal in which my paper is published, requesting me to retract the paper because they found some errors in my data and statistical analysis. I am worried about my reputation if I have a retracted paper. I may not get a grant for my next study. Please advise me.
  • Anonymous
  • Oct 16, 2013
  • 96,954 views
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All prestigious journals use some form of peer review, and most academics believe that the purpose of peer review is to maintain the quality and integrity of the scientific literature. Peer Review Week is a great time to think about whether you as an academic would prefer the traditional system or would like a paid peer review model.  
Impact of publication and reporting biases
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Publication bias refers to a phenomenon in scientific reporting whereby authors are more likely to submit and journal editors are more likely to publish studies with “positive” results (i.e. results showing a significant finding) than studies with “negative” (i.e. supporting the null hypothesis) or unsupportive results.2 As a result of such a bias, important—albeit negative—results (e.g., a study showing that a new treatment is ineffective) may never reach the larger scientific community.
journal impact factor and research evaluation
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This article delves a little deeper into the fallacies of the impact factor and points that you should consider when using it.
Understanding journal acceptance rates
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Most journals use acceptance or rejection rates to analyse whether the number of papers that they are rejecting or accepting is too high and to monitor any unusual trends. The rates depend on...
Authorship: An evolving concept
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The role and definition of authorship in scientific and medical publishing has become increasingly complicated in recent years. With a proliferation of collaboration and co-authorship in academic writing, it has become harder to differentiate between a “contributor” and an “author.” This post takes a closer look at the evolving concept of authorship.

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