What's the score: How the G20 nations performed in research in 2018-19
The Institute for Scientific Information (ISI), the knowledge institute of the group, recently released its . The report analyzes the performance of the G20 countries across several research parameters. However, the objective of the report is not to rank the countries, but more to provide insights and directions for the future.
The G20 members include 19 countries and the EU. This international group comprises about two-thirds of the world’s population and produces more than three-fourths of the world’s GDP. Research-wise, the G20 is significant as it employs close to 90% of the world’s researchers, publishes about 70% of the world’s research papers, and most importantly, spends over 90% of global GDP on research.
The infographic below shines a light on some of the parameters and how each of the G20 nations (except the EU) measures up on some of the key parameters. Here’s a brief explanation of the parameters in the infographic:
- National Citation Impact: Impact of citation when working with researchers from one’s own country
- International Citation Impact: Impact of citation when collaborating with researchers across countries
- GERD:GDP%: Gross expenditure on research and development (GERD) as a percentage of the gross domestic product (GDP)
- Patents: Number of patents received each year
- Researchers per 1000: Number of researchers per 1000 people
- Female:Male Researchers: Ratio of female to male researchers
Note that for a few countries, the data were not available for some of the parameters.
Feel free to download a PDF version of the infographic and use it as a handy reference.
How the G20 nations performed in research in 2018-19_1.pdf
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