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Publication Ethics

What is duplicate submission? Can a paper be published without ethical approval? Is it ethical to use data from a previous paper? This section provides guidance on publication ethics: authors can learn about the code of ethics in research to avoid accidental plagiarism and the importance of obtaining ethical approval. Developing good ethical research practices can help authors publish their work ethically, and avoid rejection and retraction due to misconduct.
Should research misconduct be considered a criminal offence?
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Typically, after researchers are accused of misconduct, the institutions they are affiliated with conduct further investigations. Instances where misconduct leads to prosecution are rare. However, some science professionals state that research misconduct should be criminalized. Would considering academic fraud a criminal offence be fair to researchers? Would such a step encourage researchers to be ethical and honest? Is it possible to deal with research misconduct in a courtroom?
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Thank you very much for beautifully explaining various steps in the editorial review process. I need some information about plagiarism. What is the acceptable range of similar content? How could we know if our manuscript has any plagiarized content? At what stage does the journal staff check the paper for plagiarism? Could you please share more information about plagiarism?
Plagiarism by medical writer
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Many authors, particularly those who lack fluency in English, often take the assistance of professional medical writing services. However, authors should be extremely cautious when choosing such services as unethical actions of the medical writer can be damaging for the manuscript. 
Journal threatens to retract paper for not disclosing conflict of interest
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Most journals require complete disclosure of potential conflicts of interest from authors at the time of submission.However, it is sometimes difficult for authors to understand what to include in the disclosure. This case study tracks one such case where failure to disclose a conflict of interest led the journal to seek an explanation from the author.
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Can I republish my original article which is already published in a Japanese medical journal, at another international journal? If that is difficult, can I present it at any international society conferences in the same or in other fields? I am thinking about rewriting my article so that it is understood by various co-medical (paramedical) fields, then communicating my knowledge in seminars or magazine columns. Do you think this would be possible?
  • Anonymous
  • Jul 4, 2016
  • 5,482 views
Unintentional copyright infringement by an author: A case study
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Authors sometimes have preconceived ideas about copyright. Some authors are under the impression that open access articles do not have copyright. Such a mistaken idea led an author to make an unintended copyright breach. Read on to find out more.
Combating new developments in academic misconduct
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Traditionally the province of rogue individuals, academic misconduct has entered a new era in which third parties are exploiting submission loopholes to manipulate the peer review process. Consequently, authors should be aware that not all editorial service providers operate within the bounds of accepted ethical standards. In reaction, the editorial services industry is launching a new initiative to institute operational guidelines for editorial service providers.
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Ethical approval not obtained before a survey was done because the researcher felt it was a simple questionnaire survey, which elicited information on cost of drugs form outpatients. What's the way forward for such a manuscript to be published subsequently?
  • odili
  • May 17, 2016
  • 4,290 views
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My field is veterinary medicine, and I found the following sentence in the journal to which I am going to submit my paper. For studies using client-owned animals, demonstrates a high standard (best practice) of veterinary care and involves informed client consent; I understand the necessity of getting an informed consent, since animal owners would be able to identify their own animals easily, though other people may not identify the animals by only pictures. However, what should I do when the...
  • Anonymous
  • Apr 15, 2016
  • 5,164 views
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My field is Economic history. Is that acceptable to present my research in Working Paper and then submit it (keeping the contents identical) to peer review journals? I hear several opinions as follows: - Such practice is not acceptable and another point of view is required in respective paper. - Working Paper is a framework for rather longer contents which is not fit to the limited words of peer review journals. - Peer review process takes for a long time, so I can present Working Paper in...
  • Anonymous
  • Apr 12, 2016
  • 11,471 views

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